Values of Community and Sustainability: Surviving Austerity in Greece
Many thanks to all of you expressed your support for Greece after my recent blog post on feminismandreligion.com about the new Greek government, and why I feel its courageous stance against austerity deserves our attention now. If you appreciated that article and would like to share it with friends, a version is available online here.
This week I would like to share with you a few of my observations about how ordinary Greeks are managing to survive. I will begin with a few facts, since I rarely see the true nature of the crisis acknowledged in the mainstream media, which tend to portray the Greek economic crisis as a morality play in which foolish Greeks borrowed too much and must suffer the consequences to pay back their loans... But this simplistic equation cannot be made to work for a country of 10 million people, only some of whom colluded in taking out loans they could not pay back.’
The above quote is from Carol P. Christ’s recent article, The Greek Elections and the 1%, also on feminismandreligion.com. You are welcome to email me for links supporting the other information in this article. Please understand that I am writing in my own voice, based on my firsthand experience of living part-time in Greece since before the crisis.
The economic crisis began six years ago when Wall Street ratings agencies suddenly, inexplicably, lowered Greece’s credit rating, which then raised the interest rates on Greek debt – mainly loans taken out for the 2004 Olympic Games.
Spiralling payments just to service these debts – not even to pay them off – led the Greek government to accept further huge loans from the IMF, the EU and the ECB - the ‘troika’. However, these new debts – and the extremely harsh austerity measures imposed by the troika along with the loans – only made the problems worse. And the loans benefited only foreign banks and speculators; not one penny of the money went to the Greek people.
On the contrary: the economy has contracted to a degree not seen since the war. Government services have been annihilated. Hospitals, schools and universities have been shut down. A quarter of the country is now out of work, and in Greece, no job means no access to health care. Those still with jobs saw their salaries slashed to half or a third of what they had been before and benefits reduced to zero; many employees went for long periods with no pay at all. Pensions were cut by over half, while the cost of living has risen dramatically, with an unending series of new taxes and fees for everything imaginable.
Suicide rates have soared, especially among older men, who can not bear the humiliation of no longer being able to provide for their families. Young people, facing an unemploy-ment rate of nearly 60%, are emigrating in droves. Over a third of the population now live in poverty. 300,000 homes are without electricity; many more have no heat.
How have people managed to survive this humanitarian crisis? What I see is that the generosity and hospitality which are ancient and sacred traditions in this land, and the extremely high priority placed on the family, means that people here step in to support one another. What little they have, they share. Thus people get by with help from relatives, neighbours, colleagues and friends; thousands are fed in soup kitchens run by churches or charities; and some local LETS systems have flourished, as in Volos.
But I also see how people who lived close to the land, supporting themselves and their families sustainably and locally, and those who chose an artistic or alternative lifestyle, content with little money, can no longer live simply and cheaply. To pay an unjust new property tax – your electricity is cut off if you don’t – everyone needs to come up with more cash than before, at a time when it is next to impossible to earn any money. People are selling off valuable possessions and family heirlooms ‘for peanuts’ which are ‘thrown into a black hole of unsustainable debt’ – that’s how the new Greek finance minister, Yanis Varoufakis, describes the country’s debt situation. The same dynamic affects ordinary families. And each month, new bills come and they go through it all over again.
People struggling for survival in this way don’t have a lot of energy to focus on restructuring society for positive change. ‘Disaster capitalism’ aims to engineer ever-increasing waves of shock and trauma to keep citizens from responding in an effective way. This policy, undertaken with intent in many countries before being applied to Greece, is what Naomi Klein has named the ‘shock doctrine’, and it is phenomenally successful at transferring state resources into the hands of outside speculators.
According to this policy, it would make sense for these outside speculators to use their political, economic, and media influence to provoke a worsening situation in Greece now, risking default, exit from the euro and worse. The greater the instability in a nation, the higher the interest that nation must pay on their loans – and the greater the profit to the world’s wealthy who have ‘invested in’ Greek sovereign debt for their own gain. As Greg Palast points out, many of the ‘vulture capitalists’ who now hold Greek debt bought it for a fraction of its face value, yet demand that Greece pay back the full amount.
As I see it, the danger now is not only to Greece and the Greek people, nor the other European citizens who are next in line for brutal austerity. The real danger is to the values of community and partnership, sustainability and mutual support which still survive here in people’s hearts, homes and daily lives. These are exactly the values which we all need to cultivate and strengthen if we are to survive as a human family on planet earth.
This is why I believe the Greek situation affects all of us, and why I feel it is important to express our solidarity with Greece’s peaceful and democratic bid to end an inhumane and punitive economic regime. Now is a crucial time to send our prayers, to show support, and to help reclaim dignity, hope and a sustainable path for our shared future.
Please pray for Greece – and visit this year, if you can. Your support means a lot.
With love & blessings,
Dancing Daughters of the Living Goddess
A lifetime of research has convinced me that the women’s ritual dances and costumes of Greece are living remnants of ancient Old European Goddess traditions. In previous posts on FAR I have written about these dances and embroideries, as well as the Midwives’ day rituals which honour the wise women, and the healing effects the women’s circle dances can have. All of these threads came together again in my most recent trip to Thrace.
Today trisected into Greek, Bulgarian and Turkish parts, Thrace is a wild landscape of mountains, forests, rivers and fertile fields. Less than one hundred years ago Greeks, Slavs, Turks, Pomaks, Gagaouzides and other ethnic groups lived and mingled freely throughout the whole area, and although the traumatic wars of the 20th century precipitated a huge upheaval of refugee movement and new settlement, Thrace is still home to a great variety of different peoples here who have kept their customs alive.
In Greece, Thrace is the most northeasterly region, and Evros is the very topmost bit of it, rising up like a thumb between Turkey and Bulgaria. I started visiting the villages of Evros some years ago and have been back many times. When friends invited me to celebrate my birthday there recently I jumped at the chance. All the villages we went to are Greek Orthodox, with visible elements in costume and culture – such as the Goddess embroideries – which survive from pre-Christian times.